Nginx 配置虚拟主机

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  • 阅读本文需要安装Nginx:https://www.cnblogs.com/huangyi-427/p/9229645.html

    一、什么是配置虚拟主机

    就是在一台服务器启动多个网站

    二、通过端口区分虚拟主机

    复制一份静态页面

    cd /usr/local/nginx

     

    cp -r html html81

    修改部分内容以示区分

    vim /usr/local/nginx/html81/index.html
    

    查看配置文件

    more /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
    
    #user  nobody;
    worker_processes  1;

     

    #error_log logs/error.log; #error_log logs/error.log notice; #error_log logs/error.log info;

    #pid logs/nginx.pid;

    events { worker_connections 1024; }

    http { include mime.types; default_type application/octet-stream;

    #log_format main ‘$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] “$request” ‘ # ‘$status $body_bytes_sent “$http_referer” ‘ # ‘”$http_user_agent” “$http_x_forwarded_for”‘;

    #access_log logs/access.log main;

    sendfile on; #tcp_nopush on;

    #keepalive_timeout 0; keepalive_timeout 65;

    #gzip on;

    server { listen 80; server_name localhost;

    #charset koi8-r;

    #access_log logs/host.access.log main;

    location / { root html; index index.html index.htm; }

    #error_page 404 /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html # error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; location = /50x.html { root html; }

    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80 # #location ~ \.php$ { # proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1; #}

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000 # #location ~ \.php$ { # root html; # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; # fastcgi_index index.php; # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name; # include fastcgi_params; #}

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache’s document root # concurs with nginx’s one # #location ~ /\.ht { # deny all; #} }

    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration # #server { # listen 8000; # listen somename:8080; # server_name somename alias another.alias;

    # location / { # root html; # index index.html index.htm; # } #}

    # HTTPS server # #server { # listen 443 ssl; # server_name localhost;

    # ssl_certificate cert.pem; # ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

    # ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m; # ssl_session_timeout 5m;

    # ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5; # ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    # location / { # root html; # index index.html index.htm; # } #}

    }

    可以通过配置多个server来配置多个虚拟主机

    添加虚拟主机 将下面配置拷贝进去(与原有的server节点同级)

    vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
    
        server {
            listen       81;
            server_name  localhost;

     

    location / { root html81; index index.html index.htm; }

    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; location = /50x.html { root html; } }

    进入sbin目录

    cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin
    

    开机状态刷新配置文件

    ./nginx -s reload
    

    三、通过域名区分虚拟主机

    域名: 域名就是网站

    DNS服务器: 把域名解析为IP地址 保存的就是域名和IP的映射关系

    注意: 一个域名对应一个IP地址 一个IP地址可以被多个域名绑定

    这里我准备了2个域名

    www.hb218.cn  www.hdcpa.cn
    

    在阿里云上购买的 只有3-5天的使用期(可以续费) 总共花了2个大洋

    买好域名之后需要在阿里云控制台 -> 云解析DNS -> 配置2个域名指向同一台nginx服务器(IP)

    这里赞一下 马爸爸的阿里云平台啥都有 挺方便的

    复制一份显示www.hb218.cn的静态页面

    cd /usr/local/nginx

     

    cp -r html html-hb218

    修改部分内容以示区分

    vim /usr/local/nginx/html-hb218/index.html
    

    复制一份显示www.hdcpa.cn的静态页面

    cd /usr/local/nginx

     

    cp -r html html-hdcpa

    修改部分内容以示区分

    vim /usr/local/nginx/html-hdcpa/index.html
    

    查看配置文件

    more /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
    
    #user  nobody;
    worker_processes  1;

     

    #error_log logs/error.log; #error_log logs/error.log notice; #error_log logs/error.log info;

    #pid logs/nginx.pid;

    events { worker_connections 1024; }

    http { include mime.types; default_type application/octet-stream;

    #log_format main ‘$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] “$request” ‘ # ‘$status $body_bytes_sent “$http_referer” ‘ # ‘”$http_user_agent” “$http_x_forwarded_for”‘;

    #access_log logs/access.log main;

    sendfile on; #tcp_nopush on;

    #keepalive_timeout 0; keepalive_timeout 65;

    #gzip on;

    server { listen 80; server_name localhost;

    #charset koi8-r;

    #access_log logs/host.access.log main;

    location / { root html; index index.html index.htm; }

    #error_page 404 /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html # error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; location = /50x.html { root html; }

    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80 # #location ~ \.php$ { # proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1; #}

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000 # #location ~ \.php$ { # root html; # fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000; # fastcgi_index index.php; # fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name; # include fastcgi_params; #}

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache’s document root # concurs with nginx’s one # #location ~ /\.ht { # deny all; #} }

    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration # #server { # listen 8000; # listen somename:8080; # server_name somename alias another.alias;

    # location / { # root html; # index index.html index.htm; # } #}

    # HTTPS server # #server { # listen 443 ssl; # server_name localhost;

    # ssl_certificate cert.pem; # ssl_certificate_key cert.key;

    # ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:1m; # ssl_session_timeout 5m;

    # ssl_ciphers HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5; # ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;

    # location / { # root html; # index index.html index.htm; # } #}

    }

    可以通过配置多个server来配置多个虚拟主机

    添加虚拟主机 将下面配置拷贝进去(与原有的server节点同级)

    vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
    
        server {
            listen       80;
            server_name  www.hb218.cn;

     

    location / { root html-hb218; index index.html index.htm; }

    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; location = /50x.html { root html; } }

    server { listen 80; server_name www.hdcpa.cn;

    location / { root html-hdcpa; index index.html index.htm; }

    error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html; location = /50x.html { root html; } }

    进入sbin目录

    cd /usr/local/nginx/sbin
    

    开机状态刷新配置文件

    ./nginx -s reload
    

    大功告成 浏览器分别访问www.hb218.cn  www.hdcpa.cn

    未经允许不得转载:国外便宜VPS » Nginx 配置虚拟主机

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